Overview of the main types of houses and building technologies of the space era. Available now for ordinary consumers, and private entrepreneurs.
In this review I will describe a few typical building technologies that allow building houses on the principles that will be distributed on earth during the period of space civilization. These are the simplest technologies, and the principles of construction, already available in the market. Which, can use for themselves small construction firms or brigades. People can order the construction of such houses for themselves, or build them on their own. And also buy ready-made houses that are on sale.
The availability of these building technologies allows them to freely borrow them for themselves to everyone they are interested in. Spreading, thus, the rudiments of the living environment and building technologies on the model of cosmic civilization.
These are not the most technologically advanced types of construction and housing. But their advantages are that they are available now and benefit from the cost and functionality of a traditional type of housing.
Houses inside the domes and houses of the greenhouse.
Many saw in the pictures, or in fantastic films, the Martian bases, located inside the transparent domes.
Space settlements under transparent domes, this is not a completely objective vision of future space settlements. Domes do not protect against all threats of outer space. They protect against large temperature changes. More or less protect from meteor dust, in outer space. But they do not protect against radiation. Therefore, people under the domes, can not always live.
The alien bases will be superficial. Similar to cave cities, located in the thickness of the soil of other planets or asteroids. A thick layer of soil protects against all cosmic threats, except for large meteorites. But large meteorites are rare. Therefore, in sub-surface settlements, people can live in comfort and safety.
Domes on the surface will be built. But they will serve not as residential buildings, but as technical premises. Angars, for various equipment and industrial equipment, which is not afraid of cosmic radiation. So the domes are one of the types of space construction. Only they will be used as technical premises.
On the earth, with the transition of mankind to the cosmic level of development, domes will become widespread. But on the ground, domes, will serve as means for creating a microclimate, in adverse climatic zones.
In the future, people will inhabit the uncomfortable climatic zones. Moving to the place where there are free spaces and resources. These are stony deserts, plateaus, the extreme north. Domes can cover the streets of cities, or small towns. They will create a comfortable microclimate not only indoors, but also on the streets, and in places for recreation. Protecting against frost, extreme heat, wind, rain and snow, dust storms in deserts.
In dome cities and settlements, people will feel comfortable, little dependent on the climatic conditions of the terrain. Domes, relatively inexpensive, at a price comparable to light technical buildings. And their cost will be compensated by savings on the construction of residential buildings, which, under the domes, can be built with light ones, with thin walls. Savings on heating and maintenance of domed settlements.
In small, private construction, domes, I can also create small zones of a comfortable microclimate. Such as, a protected yard, a garden, or a greenhouse attached to the house. In domes, it is also possible to build light buildings with thin walls, cheaper than traditional houses. And due to this reduce the total cost of construction.
As domes for housing, you can use either the Fuller dome. Or industrial greenhouses. Greenhouses benefit by being cheap and widely distributed on the market.
The cost of the greenhouse, approximately 10 — 20%, of the value of the capital house. The cost of light construction of finishing materials. Or at home with thin concrete walls, a thickness of 7 — 10 centimeters, is approximately 20 — 30% of the cost of capital housing. The cost of an easy construction in a greenhouse should be about 30 — 60% of the cost of a similar, traditional house.
As a counter-vandal protection, a residential part of the greenhouse, you can use a network of steel povoloki, or lattice of steel rods. Or to revet the internal, lightweight structures with thin, sheet steel. It is cheaper than houses with concrete, or brick walls.
Building houses designed to be inside dome buildings. Or building greenhouses, on top of existing homes, you can create for yourself personal zones of a comfortable microclimate, not expensive and affordable means.
Article 1. House in the greenhouse: https://www.ecowatch.com/couple-builds-greenhouse-around-ho…
Article 2. House in the greenhouse: https://www.huffingtonpost.com/…/kirsten-dirksen-greenhouse…
Video 1. House in the greenhouse: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tySi2B7SWt4
Video 2. House in the greenhouse: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=30ghnDOFbNQ
Article 1. House under the dome: https://www.treehugger.com/…/family-cob-house-under-geodesi…
Video 1. House under the dome: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lc_clnBY-2I
The domes are domed.
The domes are domed. These are houses whose walls have the shape of a dome. Advantages of the dome, as a bearing wall, is that it evenly distributes the load. That’s why for houses of dome construction you need fewer materials.
Advantages of domed houses, in saving materials. Due to this, they cost 30 — 40% cheaper than standard analogues.
Disadvantage, in not very good ergonomics. The round shape of the house is not convenient for the traditional geometry of rooms.
Usually, domed houses, stand on the skeleton of a geodesic dome. Which was developed by the American engineer Richard Buckminster Fuller. This is a framework of standardized beams, usually steel, or wooden, connected in the form of hexagons and pentagons. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buckminster_Fuller
Dome houses can be made from cast-in-place concrete. Concrete domes are easier to build, because they have an elementary simple form. They allow you to save material.
And due to the uniform load distribution, which works on compression. Concrete domes are very durable. They are almost impossible to destroy by a hurricane or an earthquake.
Article. Dome house: https://www.treehugger.com/…/living-small-cheap-and-simple-…
Video 1. Dome: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8aCRg-gXm_8
Video 2. Dome houses: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7-wCS_Srs-o
Video 1. Monolithic domed house: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lwK2DU3Tj0E
Video 2. Monolithic domed house: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DZMKJyueCkI
Fixed formwork is a simple way to build monolithic concrete houses. In this method of construction, light walls are built, of thin sheets, fibrous concrete or polystyrene. Walls of two layers, having cavities inside. Or special, light blocks, with cavities inside. After which the cavity is poured concrete. When the concrete dries, sheets of fibrous concrete turn into a part of the walls. And as a result, monolithic, concrete walls are obtained, with an even surface.
There is no need to use heavy construction equipment. Do not need workers of high qualification. The construction of a fixed formwork is simple, and this technology allows you to build houses with your own hands. Without high skills in construction.
Advantages of the construction of non-removable formwork, is that concrete is one of the most durable, cheap and massive building materials. Monolithic concrete walls have high strength. And for their construction does not need a lot of material, you can do with the necessary minimum, building a wall thickness of 7 — 10 centimeters.
Fixed formwork can be of three main types:
Formwork made of foam polystyrene, foam. It is lightweight, gives good thermal insulation. But the foam material is flammable, not the most durable and durable. In the market there is also a hybrid of foam plastic and lightweight concrete — Polystyrene Concrete. But it has the same drawbacks as polystyrene foam. Slightly stronger than it, but also combustible.
Shaped formwork of cement slabs. This is a kind of hybrid wood chipboard and concrete. It consists of chips, glued cement mortar. The shchepovo cement slabs are strong enough and durable. But with a strong fire, they can burn out.
Decking of fiber cement slabs. Fiber cement slab, consists of a mixture of mineral fiber and cement. Fiber cement slabs, the most durable material for non-removable formwork. Strong, not subject to rotting, not combustible.
Fibrous ceramics is the material of the future.
In my opinion, fibrous ceramics is the material of the space age. A material from a mixture of mineral fiber and mineral binders. This is essentially a composite material, in which there are no organic components. It combines the best properties of composites and ceramics. It has high strength, is not brittle, is not afraid of high temperatures and easily withstands extreme temperatures. From cryogenic to plus a few hundred degrees, aim. It can be produced from widely available raw materials such as sand or basalt. Which, there are almost everywhere, both on earth and in space.
This material is stable under cosmic conditions. For its production, rare resources are not needed. Therefore, fibrous ceramics, this is a potential, mass construction material in the future space industry. And in space construction.
In space, a mixture of glass or basalt fiber, with basalt, or glass dust, sintered, at high temperature will be used. On the ground, now you can use materials of this type. Composed of mineral fiber, fiber, basalt wool or fiberglass, and concrete, as a binder.
Now there are still not enough strong types of fibrous ceramics so that they can be used to replace metals in industry. But modern varieties of fibrous ceramics from concrete, are one of the promising materials in construction.
From fibrous concrete, you can make thin and strong sheets. To use them in the construction of cheap, light buildings, not afraid of corrosion, rot and fire. Or to use as a fixed formwork, getting strong, durable, concrete walls.
A serial sheet of fibrous concrete, «Fiber cement slab»: https://fclutai.en.made-in-china.com/…/China-Multi-Purpose-…
Construction of houses from fixed, formwork consists of simple, repetitive operations. With such operations, the machines and robots are doing well. In the future, it can be automated. Make it as fast and automatic as the modern 3D construction printing.
Now, the technology of non-removable formwork can be widely used in construction. Thanks to a combination of simplicity, accessibility, and high quality of monolithic concrete structures.
Article 1. Formwork of stamps, Velox and Dyusrill: http://homerenovates.com/en/records/12122
Article 2. About construction from fixed formwork: http://www.fotohost.info/removable-formwork/
Video 1. Construction of foam formwork: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GdpaGWnZRrc
Construction of houses from a frame and light panels.
The construction of houses from a skeleton trimmed with thin sheets or light panels consisting of thin sheets is one of the most promising, building technologies of the future. Including it will be used in the sub-space construction industry. Since it allows you to minimize the cost of materials, and it can be automated.
Now the technology of building houses from a strong frame and light panels, is used mainly for the construction of wooden houses. The so-called, «Canadian», construction technology. On which houses are built on a skeleton of bars, with light three-layer panels, from woody fibrous mass.
Wooden construction is archaic. The future is behind the construction on a frame, reinforced concrete, or steel. With lightweight panels of fibrous concrete, or possibly of sheet steel. Such houses are not subject to rotting and burning. They will be technological, and durable.
Example of construction technology from lightweight panels on the frame: http://www.lq-prefabricated-building.com/steel-structure-vi…
Frames can be erected without the use of heavy equipment. Concrete, you can pour your own hands. Details of steel frames, for houses, from one to two floors, are also light. They can be collected manually. Also, with your hands, you can mount light panels.
The construction of large, multi-storey buildings, from the frame and light panels, in the future, can be automated. Collect the frame from parts and mount the panels according to a digital template, which can be solved for robots. Since it consists of simple, repetitive operations.
Modern, high-rise buildings are built mainly on a steel frame, made of concrete panels. If traditional, heavy, concrete panels, replace with lightweight sheets of fibrous concrete. The cost of materials necessary for construction will decrease by 5 to 10 times. Accordingly, the cost of high-rise buildings will also decrease.
Cavities in light panels, just as you can pour concrete. What will allow to build monolithic concrete houses.
The construction of light panels on a concrete or steel frame is inexpensive technology. Cost-cutting materials. Convenient and affordable for the construction of small, or individual houses. In the long term, it is possible to build high-rise buildings using this technology. It is possible in automatic mode.
Article 1. About concrete skeletons: http://www.understandconstruction.com/concrete-frame-struct…
Article 2. On steel structures: http://www.understandconstruction.com/steel-frame-structure…
Article 3. On lightweight fibrous concrete slabs: http://www.synstone.com/
Article 4. About three-layer (Sandwich) panels, from thin concrete slabs, from external sides. With insulation from polystyrene concrete (Mixture of concrete with polystyrene).
Article 5. About three-layer (Sedwich) panels, from thin, metal sheets. With insulation from basalt cotton wool: https://www.alibaba.com/…/lightweight-insulated-concrete-pa…
Lego blocks and lego bricks.
Bricks and blocks, similar in shape to the cubes of the Lego constructor, are one of the types of building elements of the space age. In the future, along with the massive expansion of the new industrial structure. Standardized parts, with detachable connections, will be widely used in the design of various products and in construction. These are simple parts, with simple joining methods. But from them you can collect a wide variety of products.
The process of assembling products from simple, parts that can be connected to each other is easy to automate. 3D printers that print plug-in parts can print much faster. They add material to the product in the form of parts of a centimeter size, and not in the form of microscopic portions of the molten substance. And they do not require energy for melting the material. In construction, automatic assembling of blocks measuring tens of centimeters will be conducted. This is many times faster than 3D construction printing. This method of production and construction is one of the promising technologies of the future space industry.
Of course, products assembled from parts that are similar to cubes of lego will not have the highest strength. And not the highest weight perfection. But in space, industry will mainly work under conditions of low gravity, or in weightlessness. Where strength and weight perfection are not decisive. But assembly technology from parts with detachable connections makes manufacturing much easier. Due to the simplicity, and speed.
The main advantages of future machines are «Replicators», capable of making their own copies. Designed for the industrialization of space. This is not strength and high constructive perfection. A low price, and the ability to quickly make their doubles, increase their numbers. Therefore, in space, cars similar to toys from a children’s designer, will have high functionality.
The assembly of products from parts with detachable connections, as well will be widely used in construction. Both in space and on earth. For the same reasons as in production. Simplicity of production of parts, ease of installation of their structures, the possibility of complete automation of the construction process.
Modern construction lego details, this is one of the rudiments of the space age industry.
Lego blocks and bricks are convenient in construction in that they are connected with each other with high accuracy. Without fitting. That allows you to build from them without special skills, quickly and accurately. Lego bricks and blocks, as a rule, have internal cavities. Which, during construction can be filled with reinforcement and concrete. What gives the walls increased strength. Lego blocks, can perform the function of formwork, if they are made with large cavities and thin walls.
Lego bricks allow you to save cement. Since they are produced by pressing under high pressure. Using only about 3% of cement and a small amount of water.
For the production of lego bricks using the «Hyperpressing» method, special machines and presses are needed. Their cost is available for small businesses. The cheapest cost about 1 — 2 thousand dollars.
Lego blocks of traditional concrete can be made without specialized machines. For their production it is sufficient to have molds and vibrating tables.
Lego bricks and blocks are convenient for modern construction. Build from them is simple and fast. Buildings are qualitative, little dependent on the skills of builders.
In the future, building lego parts can be upgraded, made of more durable materials, such as fibrous concrete. Do them with more solid detachable joints, allowing you to build strong walls, similar in strength to monolithic concrete. Do them with built-in reinforcement.
The process of producing construction lego parts. And the process of building of them, you can automate.
Now the construction of lego blocks or bricks is a simple and functional construction technology. Available for mass construction and business. But it is the basis for the development of qualitatively new directions in construction and production.
Article 1. On Lego Bricks: http://listednl.in/listings/petra-bricks/
Article 2. Equipment for the production of lego bricks: https://fifthocean.info/…/giperpressy-lego-stanki-i-lego-k…/
Video. Brick laying: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lDQAZ-p0EJM
Article 1. About the right blocks: https://www.eliteprecast.co.uk/…/legato-interlocking-concr…/
Article 2. About the Left Blocks: https://torocorp.co.uk/Pr…/Concrete-Lego-Block-Shelters.html
Video 1. Plastic molds for the production of hollow, lego blocks, with their own hands: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eJf9XrpUA6A
Video 2. Building a wall of lego blocks: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zpj9w9EXv-Q
Video 3. Building of lego blocks1: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FXI94WdKvZg&t=20s
Site of the project «Smart bricks», concrete blocks of increased manufacturability: http://kitebricks.com/
Video. Automatic construction of «Smart Bricks»:
Tents and tents can be not only a temporary shelter, but also a permanent home.
As a permanent home, tents have certain advantages. Little material is spent on their construction. Accordingly, residential tents of cheap materials, should have a low cost. Tents are quickly erected. And they are mobile. If desired, they can be transported from one place to another. Without special expenses for transport. And without the special difficulties with the installation.
Large tents can be quite comfortable as a permanent home. If you make a good thermal insulation of the walls. Bring the communication. And make internal partitions. Or put a few tents, so that they make up a single living space from several rooms.
In residential tents, there are two serious shortcomings. Their walls are made, as a rule, from combustible fabric. And they have a low degree of anti-vandal protection. To reduce these shortcomings, you can:
If you use basalt cotton wool as a heat insulator. Which does not burn, and can serve as a layer between the internal space and the outer walls of organic tissue. In this case, when a fire inside the tent, it can not quickly burn. Similarly, in case of an external fire, the burnout of the cloth on one side can not immediately destroy the tent. Basalt fabric, as a heat insulator, does not make a residential tent fireproof. But it will make it more resistant to fire. Such a tent gives a better chance of saving people in a fire. Gives more chances in time to put out the fire. And after a small fire, the tent can be restored.
The tent can be made of mineral cloth, basalt or glass. With a small layer of plastic film, or thick foil. That the walls were not blown to the wind. A tent made of mineral cloth, with a basalt wool insulation, is practically not vulnerable to fire. In case of a severe fire, a plastic film, or a foil, which supports the tightness of the walls, may burn out. But plastic film or foil is not expensive, and is easily restored.
To strengthen the protective functions of the walls, it is possible to use a strong steel network inserted inside the multilayer wall from the fabric and heat insulator. So, the network can not be cut or cracked with wire cutters, without noise and quickly. The walls of tents with a steel net do not give 100% protection against penetration. But in terms of protection, they stand on par with traditional light buildings. Thin walls of brick or concrete, which if desired can be smashed with a sledge hammer. Or wooden walls of boards that can be pierced with an ax. But usually, no one pierces the walls of the houses, since it takes a long time and produces a lot of noise.
«Concrete tent», a hybrid of a tent and light concrete construction. The tent is made of strong fabric, which is impregnated in concrete with a concrete solution. And after drying of concrete with a cloth, its walls turn into a solid composite. Possessing sufficient strength and high impact strength. Concrete tents, one of the promising technologies for the construction of quickly erected, light, buildings. Concrete tents are now on the market, but have not yet received mass distribution. Concrete tents, if desired, can be made with their own hands from available materials. For example, to impregnate with concrete solution the walls of tents made of thick tarpaulins. Or cover the top of the tent, and the yurts, with several coats of rough, technical fabric, for example burlap or fiberglass. After that, impregnate them with concrete.
Article. Concrete tent: https://buildabroad.org/2016/09/29/concrete-canvas-ltd/
Video. Concrete tent: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vb1pdvvoVoQ
Residential tents can be considered as one of the options for housing the future. Possesses moderately cost and mobility.
In space, the awning structures will mainly be used as hangars. And produced from local materials. Of mineral tissue. When on the ground, technologies will be mastered, production of inexpensive, ultra-strong, mineral cloth, made of sand and basalt. Residential tents, in terms of reliability, security, and durability, will be able to compete with other types of housing.
Article 1. About the Safari Tent: https://www.scamandersanctuary.com.au/…/safari-tent-accommo…
Article 2. About residential yurts (Traditional tents of Mongolian nomads): https://www.yurts.com/how-are-yurts-used/personal-use/
Video 1. About the design of the yurt: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KPDhFu1igbs
Houses consisting of standardized, modular blocks, similar to containers, this is one of the main directions for the construction of the future.
Its advantages. This is the mobility of residential container modules, they are easy to transport from one place to another. Only for this you need heavy equipment. If the modules of the containers are dismantled on separate walls, it is convenient to transport their parts for a long distance. Since in disassembled form, in the form of separate walls, or panels, residential container modules do not take up much space. Residential containers do not require large amounts of materials in production. They are conveniently manufactured by the industrial method, since they consist of a small set of standard parts. Their production is easy to automate.
Separate container modules, in the form of residential wagons, have long been used as temporary shelters, or utility rooms. Example: 1. http://www.nationaltrailer.ca/offices.html 2. https://northgateindustries.com/…/2017-12ft-x-40ft-skid-of…/
As residential containers, standard transport containers are sometimes used. Example: https://www.homedit.com/three-unique-container-buildings/
The standard residential container module, in terms of living space, is comparable to one room, of medium size. This is enough for life. But not enough for comfort. If you combine several modular containers in an assembly, you can get a fairly spacious and comfortable living space. Example: 1. http://buildinghomesandliving.com/…/royal-oak-shipping-cont…Example 2. https: // www. 360mobileoffice.com/mobile-offices/mobile-vs-modular
From container modules, it is possible to assemble a house of almost any area and structure. Including you can collect multi-storey houses. Example: http://ssmb.in/shipping-container/
Construction of modules, can also be used in the automatic construction of large buildings. According to the scheme. Mobile factory on the construction site, produces modules in automatic mode. Construction machines, also in automatic mode, are built from these modules at home. Example: https://www.dezeen.com/…/carmell-place-micro-apartment-tow…/ Video: https://www.youtube.com/ watch? v = 6sDOf8Hy-io
In space, assemblies of individual inhabited modules are used in the design of modern orbital stations. And in all likelihood. The assemblies from the modules will be widely used in space construction, during the mass industrialization of the solar system. Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Space_station
On the ground, during the space civilization, the use of container modules for permanent housing. And the construction of houses from container modules. It is highly likely to become widespread. Since this direction of construction combines unification, simplicity, and a large selection of construction opportunities. From individual residential cars, which can be transported if necessary. Up to large buildings built from container modules.
Inflatable houses, one of the promising areas of prefabricated and transportable housing.
The advantages of inflatable houses, in the low cost of materials for production. According to this parameter, inflatable houses are comparable with tents and tents. Simplicity and speed of erection. You just need to install to the right place and inflate. Also simplicity and low transportation costs. It is necessary to blow in one place and inflate in another. The cost of transportation is small, as inflatable structures are light.
Disadvantages, low level of protection. Inflatable houses can easily be damaged and blown away. The protection of the steel network for an inflatable home is not very effective, it is difficult to cut, but it is easy to pierce. Steel scales, for the protection of inflatable walls, are just as dubious. He weighs a lot, invulnerability does not guarantee. Materials for inflatable houses are organic, flammable.
Now inflatable structures are mainly used as temporary premises. Example: http://weddingtentsforsale.blogspot.com/…/different-types-o…
As temporary houses for recreation. Example: http://materialicious.com/…/inflatable-temporary-and-semi-p…
Or as tents: Example: http://www.globalsources.com/…/Inflatab…/p/sm/1160268960.htm
Inflatable houses, perhaps, will spread into the space age. But it is unlikely that they will become one of the main types of housing. Too many flaws, too high a vulnerability.
Inflatable modules are being developed for orbital stations and extraterrestrial bases. In space, the advantage of inflatable designs is in their ease. Delivery of goods into space is expensive. Inflatable designs, allow you to save money on space construction. Modules for orbital stations, for protection against meteoric dust, are supposed to be made from several layers of heavy-duty fabric. Inflatable modules for extraterrestrial bases are supposed to be filled with earth, possibly cemented with special glue. Or erect arches from above, from blocks.
Article 1. Inflatable space habitat. Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inflatable_space_habitat
Video 1. About inflatable modules for orbital stations: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-nwbLls-PCs
Video 2. About inflatable modules for lunar bases: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wPq3cQyy6ME
There are several options for using inflatable, residential structures in the form of hybrids.
For example, the already mentioned method of construction for lunar bases, the use of inflatable structures for the construction of bunkers deepened in the ground. The module of the inflatable house is inflated in the pit, and the top is filled with a mixture of sand with a cementing solution. The result is a well-protected bunker, which is easy to build. Such houses — bunkers, are relevant for tornadoes of dangerous regions.
Hybrid technology of construction of concrete domes on inflatable mandrels. Binishell In which inflatable domes, are used as a reusable formwork. Official website: http://binishells.com/ Wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Binishell
Or inflatable houses that have an outer layer of strong fabric. Which, after inflating the house, is impregnated with a liquid, concrete solution, and turns into a strong composite. By analogy with the «Concrete Tent».
The direction of construction of inflatable houses, has good chances to get mass distribution as part of hybrid technologies.
Mobile homes on wheels — Trailers.
Mobile homes on the wheeled chassis — «Trailers», one of the most common types of mobile housing in the modern world.
Trailers are cheap. They give acceptable conditions for life. Give a sufficiently high level of protection. Are able to move without dismantling. By the combination of advantages, trailers are the most convenient type of mobile housing. This explains their mass distribution.
Disadvantages of trailers, in the limited space of living space. And detachment from communications in motion.
Trailers, as well as mobile housing in general, will become widespread in the space age. As with the development of technology and the economy, people will become more mobile. And less attached to a permanent place of residence. A trailer, and other mobile homes, this permanent housing, capable of movement. A convenient combination of mobility and permanence.
Article 1. About trailers: https://www.landhub.com/…/advantages-mobile-manufactured-h…/
Article 2. About trailers: https://www.mobilehomesell.com/living-in-a-mobile-home/
Mobile, floating houses.
Floating mobile homes, can be relevant on the shores of the seas and large rivers. Or in regions with an abundance of rivers and lakes. In which, water transport allows you to move no less freely than land.
Floating houses, as well as trailers, allow you to combine the advantages of mobile and permanent housing. With its own specifics.
Floating houses can not move freely on roads. But they can move along rivers, along sea coasts, or along shallow rivers.
Hybrids of floating houses and trailers — «Floating trailers», can have a higher degree of mobility. The ability to move and on the roads, and on the water, depending on the need.
Floating houses, in the future, can become one of the components of a floating industrial infrastructure. Mobile enterprises, located on barges, capable of moving to sources of resources. Or move to regions where industrial infrastructure and consumption are better developed. Depending on the need.
Industrial infrastructure as it moves to a new industrial structure, will strive for mobility. To fully realize their new opportunities. In space, the mobile industrial infrastructure, basically will be flying. Lightweight production modules replicators in the belts of asteroids. On the ground, the mobile industry will move along roads, or along water. In the future, perhaps, it will go to the airships, it will become flying.
When on the ground floating, mobile, enterprises begin to develop. Together with them will develop and floating settlements. Barges with residential buildings and individual houseboats. Which will be located next to the floating enterprises.
Now floating houses, as well as residential yachts, and barges, are one of the famous varieties of mobile housing. But in terms of prevalence, they are inferior to trailers.
In the long term, floating houses, it will be possible to do not from steel, but from fibrous concrete, or from foamed basalt. What will make them cheaper. And it will give additional opportunities for their mass distribution.
Article 1. Overview of floating houses and their promising projects: https://inhabitat.com/architecture/floating-houses/
Article 2. Overview of floating houses: https://www.dwell.com/…/10-modern-floating-homes-that-offer…
Videos about floating homes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UE661QWlBtE
The types of houses and building technologies described are available to ordinary consumers. And also for ordinary traders and builders. They are selling and are of moderate value. They are suitable for building the foundation of the space industry building industry. And communities of people seeking to organize their lives according to the standards of cosmic civilization. They represent a single trend, housing and construction modeled after the space civilization. The trend of the rudiments of cosmic civilization in the housing sphere, which are available now and win by the ratio of value and functionality. For distribution, which is enough information dissemination.
Popularization of the trend, housing and building technologies of the space era, this is one of the ways to develop the basis of space civilization in the modern world.